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"Notre Dame: Attacker shouted that he was a soldier..."



by 33 Jurors

France, officially the French Republic, is a unitary sovereign state comprising territory in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean; due to its shape, it is often referred to in French as l’Hexagone ("The Hexagon"). France is one of only three countries (with Morocco and Spain) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.

By area, France is the 42nd largest country in the world but the largest country in Western Europe and the European Union (EU), and the third-largest in Europe as a whole. With a population approaching 67 million, it is the 20th most populated country and the second-most populated country in the EU. France is a semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the nation's largest city and the main cultural and commercial center. The current Constitution of France, adopted by referendum on 4 October 1958, establishes the country as secular and democratic, with its sovereignty derived from the people. The nation's ideals are expressed in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, one of the world's earliest documents on human rights, which was formulated during the seminal French Revolution of the late 18th century.

France has been a major power in Europe since the Late Middle Ages, reaching the height of global prominence during the 19th and early 20th centuries, when it possessed the second-largest colonial empire in the world. Throughout its long history, France has produced many influential artists, thinkers, and scientists, and remains a prominent global center of culture. It hosts the world's fourth-largest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually – the most of any country in the world.

France remains a great power with significant cultural, economic, military, and political influence in Europe and around the world. It has the world's fifth-largest military budget, third-largest stockpile of nuclear weapons, and second-largest diplomatic corps. Due to its overseas regions and territories throughout the world, France has the second-largest exclusive economic zone in the world. France is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and seventh-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of total household wealth, France is the wealthiest nation in Europe and fourth in the world.

French citizens enjoy a high standard of living, and the country performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, civil liberties, and human development. France is a founding member of the United Nations, where it serves as one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. It is a member of numerous international institutions, including the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie. France is a founding and leading member state of the EU.

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img Dev Achmed posted a review

French police have shot a man outside Notre Dame cathedral in Paris after he tried to attack them with a hammer and shouted "this is for Syria", according to the interior minister.  He was also in possession of two knives. One policeman was lightly injured in the attack.

The man also said he was a "soldier of Daesh (Isil)", according to a source on the investigation. 

The main square has been evacuated  and a police operation is underway.  Paris police say the situation is now "under control".

on June 7, 2017

img Susan Boyle posted a review

French police have told people to avoid the Notre Dame in Paris, after they shot an assailant who was attacking police. Eyewitnesses said they heard gunshots and saw a man lying on the ground. There are conflicting reports on whether the attacker is dead or wounded. No word yet on the condition of the police who were attacked. The main square has been evacuated.

on June 7, 2017

img Yuri Michael posted a review

The newly-elected President of France claimed that misogyny and homophobia were to blame for assumptions that he could not be in love with his wife who is 24 years his senior.

Speaking to Le Parisien newspaper, Emmanuel Macron addressed speculations about his sexuality and what he described as “parallel lives” people had attached to him.

Mr Macron said that if his wife was younger than him, nobody would question the validity of their relationship.

on May 11, 2017

img John Adams posted a review

German Chancellor Angela Merkel saved Europe's "dignity" by taking in refugees, French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron has told a German publication. Macron faces an uphill battle ahead of this year's election.

on May 10, 2017

img John Adams posted a review

During the cold war with the Soviet Union, they were called "Useful Idiots". These people were not members of the Communist Party, but they worked for, spoke in favor of and supported the ideas of Lenin and Stalin. In the 21st century, Communism is finally dead but Islamism has grown and is replacing it as a global threat.

Like Communism, Islamism -- or Islamic totalitarianism -- has been collecting its "Useful Infidels" the same way Communism collected its Useful Idiots. There is, however, an important difference: under the Soviet Union, Useful Idiots were intellectuals. Now, Useful Infidels are politicians, and one of them may be elected president of France today.

on May 9, 2017

img Sid Poduval posted a review

Right-wing candidate Marine Le Pen has conceded defeat in the French presidential runoff election today, telling her downcast supporters that the country had “chosen continuty.”

France’s vote was seen as a test of the establishment's ability to hold off further losses after unexpected populist victories last year in Britain and America. Yet the reality is, France's establishment already lost.

French voters rejected both candidates from the country's 2 main parties in the first round of the election last month, the equivalent of both the Republican and Democratic candidates in the U.S. losing to third party candidates. Never before had both of France's two main parties, who've held power since 1958, been shut out of the final vote.

But that's exactly what has happened when François Fillon, candidate of the center-right Repubicans, and Benoît Hamon, the left wing Socialist candidate, finished out of the top two and failed to qualify for today's runoff.

Instead Emmanuel Macron, a political novice who's never held office, and Marine Le Pen, a right wing populist in the mold of Donald Trump, made it into today's a runoff election for president.

And with a victory today, the 39 year-old Macron has become France’s youngest leader since Napoleon. He has promised to deregulate France and implement business-friendly reforms, something the country desperately needs after past socialist administrations all but neutered the ability of the private sector to run their own businesses. Yet many people, especially in America, remain rightly skeptical that Macron will fulfill these promises given his socialist past.

The inauguration will be held next weekend.

on May 8, 2017

img Ian Da Silva posted a review

Macron is a centrist who supports free trade and the market. He also has socially liberal views.

Le Pen, on the other hand, is a nationalist who favors protectionism, opposes privatization, and would have France leave the EU and NATO, further degrading the unity of Europe.

on May 8, 2017

img Susan Boyle posted a review

In a truly stunning move, France's electoral commission has ordered the media not to publish contents of leaked emails from the campaign of presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron. The sequence of events:

April 24th - The intrigue began on April 24th, when the Macron campaign said it had been the target of a attempts by Russian interests to steal email credentials and hack into its accounts. According to Reuters, a U.S. cyber intelligence firm identified APT 28, a group tied to Russia's military intelligence directorate, as being behind the hacks. APT 28 last month registered decoy internet addresses to mimic the name of Macron's political party, En Marche, which may have been used to send tainted emails to hack into the campaign’s computers. Russia denies the allegations.

Friday, May 5th, 1:59pm et - Someone using the profile name EMLEAKS and writing in English, posted 9 gigabytes of what appear to be Macron campaign emails and documents to Pastebin, a site that allows anonymous file sharing. The emails reportedly show evidence of offshore accounts, tax evasion, and a slew of other nefarious activities. The files were also reportedly sent to members of the Chicago Hacking Conference THOTCON, which, after reviewing them, claimed they are legit.

Friday, 2:35pm et - Half an hour later, a link to the file dump is anonymously posted on the 4chan board /pol/, a discussion forum popular with alt-right activists and internet trolls, along with a message in English: "Are you ready /pol/? In this pastebin are links to torrents of emails between Macron, his team and other officials, politicians as well as original documents and photos. This was passed on to me today so now I am giving it to you, the people. The leak is massive and released in the hopes that the human search engine here will be able to start sifting through the contents and figure out exactly what we have here. inb4 fake news this was verified by people at THOTCON"

Friday, 2:49pm et - Less than 15 minutes later, Jack Posobiec, the Washington DC Bureau Chief of a Canadian, alt-right website, theRebel.Media, became the first to publicize the leaks, tweeting about the existence of the leaks along with the hashtag #MacronLeaks, which has since gone viral. Later contacted by Reuters, Posobiec said he had simply reposted what he saw on 4chan.

Friday, 3:31pm et - WikiLeaks becomes involved, tweeting "Alleged multi-GB team Macron email archives. Could be a 4chan practical joke. We are examining". WikiLeaks later concludes the emails are real, and says it cannot find any evidence to the contrary. Soon after, Le Pen supporters pick up the story and begin publicizing it.

Friday night - Macron's political movement En Marche! Released a statement confirming that it had been hacked. "The En Marche! Movement has been the victim of a massive and co-ordinated hack this evening which has given rise to the diffusion on social media of various internal information." A spokesperson added that the communications only showed the normal functioning of the campaign, but that authentic documents had been mixed with fake ones to sow “doubt and misinformation”.

Saturday - France's electoral commission has ordered media not to publish contents of the leaked campaign emails to avoid influencing the election. It warned news outlets in France that journalists could face criminal charges for publishing or republishing the material, under laws that came into effect at midnight forbidding any commentary liable to affect the presidential race.

Conclusion - Allegations of who are behind the leaks, and whether the controversial documents in them are fake or real, will likely rage on long after tomorrow's election. Whether it's a Russian plot to disrupt the election, an elaborate 4chan hoax, or someone deliberately trying to make it look like Russian meddling, one thing's nearly certain. Coming just a day and a half before the election, with Macron up double digits, there's virtually no chance it will upend the outcome. Which begs the question, why weren't they released earlier? Was it designed not to help Le Pen, but instead to embarrass and scandalize France's likely next president? Either way, with so many documents and emails in the leak, it may be some time before the true significance, if any, emerges.

on May 7, 2017

img Simi Rehman posted a review

Russia has accused French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron’s campaign team of discriminating against its media on Thursday, saying it had trampled on the freedom of the press by banning Russian news outlets from its events.

In Paris, a Macron spokesman confirmed that the Russian state-funded Sputnik news agency and RT TV channel had been barred from having media access to him, describing them as a “two-headed entity” which issued Russian state propaganda and fake news.

on May 2, 2017

img Lucas Lynch posted a review

French voters turned their backs on the political establishment last night in round one of the presidential election.

Emmanuel Macron – an independent centrist – won first place ahead of National Front leader Marine Le Pen. 

The result will have major implications for Britain and its departure from the EU.

Read more:

on April 26, 2017
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Notre Dame: Attacker shouted that he was a soldier of Isil as he attempted to strike police officer with hammer
Book rating: 41.9 out of 100 with 33 ratings